Inflammatory Bowel Disease In Dogs

When a dog’s intestines and stomach wall hosts numerous inflammatory cells, then the pet is suffering from inflammatory bowel disease. These inflamed cells usually change the lining of the digestive system thereby disrupting normal absorption and proper passage of food. Note that, inflammation bowel syndrome has similar symptoms to irritable bowel syndrome but the two diseases are very different.

Causes

The cause of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs has not yet been identified. As a matter of fact, most veterinary doctors believe that it’s not actually a disease but the body’s way of reacting to other conditions. However, there are numerous variables that have been known to contribute to this condition in dogs. These include food allergies, genetics, bacteria, parasites and abnormal immune systems. It’s very difficult to identify the exact cause of the disease in each pet. That’s why the vet will simply base future treatment and care depending on how the dog responds to treatments.

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Symptoms

If your lovely pet is suffering from IBD, you will notice chronic vomiting. It’s a very common sign that signals to the fact that the inflammation has affected the stomach and the intestinal areas. Also, you may notice other symptoms such as prolonged diarrhea which might involve some mucus, loss of appetite, fever and rapid weight loss.

Diagnosing

Once the vet has observed and evaluated any of the above symptoms in your dog, he/she will suspect inflammatory bowel disease. However, the best way to differentiate it from irritable bowel syndrome is by performing a biopsy. Of course, the biopsy can only be performed once the vet has ruled out other underlying conditions such as organ disease or parasites. The results of the biopsy should reveal the amount of inflammatory cells in the dog’s intestines and stomach. Other diagnostic tests that can be performed by the vet include ultrasound, bloodwork, radiographs, microscopic stool examination.

Dogs That Are Immune To IBD

Of course, any dog can fall victim of inflammatory bowel disease. However, there are some species that have proven immune to the disease. Therefore, if you have a soft-coated wheaten terrier, basenji, German shepherd or a shar-pei, you can relax because your pet is immune to the disease.

Treatment Options

Currently, there is no cure for inflammatory bowel disease. However, the symptoms of the disease can be controlled accordingly through medication and diet modifications. Naturally, there is a lot of trial and error involved in order to find the right combination of diet and medication that works for each particular pet.

However, it’s important to practice patience as well as working closely with the vet. That way, a normal routine will be established and it’s easier to take care of the pet accordingly. There is some good news. Eventually, some dog species might not need to be on medication all through except only when there are bad episodes.

In conclusion, you should make arrangements to see the vet if you notice chronic vomiting or prolonged diarrhea in your dog as well as rapid weight loss or poor appetite before the condition gets worse.

Amebiasis In Dogs: Types, Signs, Causes And Cures

Amebiasis in dogs, also known as “canine amebiasis,” is an infection produced by a single-celled parasite called amoeba. The parasite is usually prevalent in tropical areas, as well as in developing countries where sewage management is inadequate. A dog can caught amebiasis by consuming contaminated food or water consisting cysts or trophozoites (small particles) of the amoeba. While amoeba can cause acute illnesses to other animals, some dogs are lucky enough not to show any symptoms even if they are actually infected by amebiasis.

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Types And Signs Of Amebiasis In Dogs

There are two main types of amebiasis in dogs: the acute amebiasis and the chronic amebiasis

Acute Amebiasis

It happens when the amoeba gets inside the mucosal lining of the intestine. This causes ulcerative hemorrhagic colitis to the infected dog. Usually, this type of amebiasis is an asymptomatic disease, meaning it may cause colitis in dogs and results in bloodstained diarrhea.

Signs: The signs of acute amebiasis in dogs may vary from a minor stomach pain to severe abdominal upset. A prevalent diarrhea can also be a sign. Acute cases of this disease may cause the dog to suffer from dysentery, which is possibly life-threatening. On the other hand, mild cases can be treated without medications. In addition, diarrhea in dogs caused by amebiasis may contain blood and mucus. Lastly, if the dog’s major organ systems have failed to function well, say for example the dog catch a high fever, then it is confirmed that he has an acute amebiasis.

Chronic Amebiasis

This is a long-lasting amoeba infection on dogs. It invades the intestines, tissues, liver, kidneys, and even the brain.

Signs: You can tell that a dog has this kind of amebiasis if he exhibits constant or irregular diarrhea, anorexia and weight loss. Another sign is the tenesmus, a painful situation in which the infected dog is having a hard time to defecate, resulting to very little, or no poop at all. Other signs of chronic amebiasis are fever, loss of appetite, breathing difficulty, fluid release from the nose and eyes, swelling of the brain, and other neurological signs such as seizures and incoordination.

Causes Of Amebiasis In Dogs

Here are things and ways that can cause amebiasis in dogs:

•Consumption of contaminated water or food.
•Inhaling soil or sewage odor.
•Acanthamoeba’s settlement on the dog’s skin.
•Acanthamoeba’s settlement on the cornea of the eyes.
•Blood infection, which spreads through the blood stream.
•Nose infection, which spreads into the brain.

Curing Amebiasis In Dogs

A veterinarian will diagnose the infection by examining a newly-passed sample of stool (also called poop). Most dog experts suggest that the best medication for curing amebiasis in dogs is the metronidazole or furazolidone, an anti-biotic therapy.

There is no better way to treat a dog’s amebiasis other than bringing him to a veterinary doctor. There are different non-pathogenic amoebae that can invade a dog’s intestines so an expert is needed to distinguish these parasites and recommend the proper treatment for your dog.

Giardiasis In Dogs: Common Symptoms And Treatment

I have been living alone with four dogs since I moved to the city because of my job. One time, I noticed one of my dogs having uneasiness. It took me three days to bring him to the veterinary clinic. The vet pointed out that he has a Giardiasis, an infection caused by a single-celled parasite called giardia. This parasite has infected my dogs’ intestines. In this article, I would want to share with you the common symptoms of Giardiasis I’ve seen myself, as well as the treatment recommended by the veterinary doctor.

Common Symptoms Of Giardiasis

Diarrhea

This is one of the symptoms I have noticed the most. At first, I thought that my dog has just eaten a bad thing that caused him diarrhea. But according to the vet, diarrhea happens when the giardia started affecting the lower intestines.

Vomiting

Diarrhea and vomiting bonded very well, both in humans and in dogs. The vet noted that diarrhea is actually connected to vomiting. This is the same reason why Campylobacter and Salmonella aren’t being considered during the diagnosis of Giardiasis.

Disorder In The Large Intestines

This is very hard to see in dogs, and I only learned such thing the moment I brought my little boy to the vet. The intestinal disorder has been determined when the vet took a blood test to see whether the amount of white cells in my dog’s blood has increased. Giardia is found in the small intestines, but despite this, the parasite may still affect the large intestines, and the mucus in them shows the signs of disorder.

Gray, Greasy Poops

During the later stage of giardia infection, you’ll notice that your dog is producing some greasy feces that are usually grey in color.

Abnormal Food Absorption

Giardia also hinders normal food absorption. Meaning, even if your dog seems to be eating well and eats all his foods, he may still lose a few weight.

Weight Loss

Since there is an abnormality in your dog’s food absorption, expect some weight loss.

Treating Giardiasis

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There are various treatments that vets offer to cure Giardiasis. One of the most frequently used and most effective treatments is the Metronidazole, the same medication my dog’s vet suggested. This medication should be taken by the infected dog for five days. During the treatment, the medicine will clean away all the parasites inside the dog’s small and large intestines. But of course, there are other treatments aside from this one. Just be careful when picking a treatment for your dog, because there are medications that have side effects.

Know that Giardiasis in dogs is a disease that needs frequent diagnosis. So the moment you see the initial signs of Giardiasis in your dog, take him to the veterinary clinic right away. The doctor will then do the needed stool and blood tests. He will also suggest the proper treatment. Lastly, I suggest that you watch your dog intently; try not to repeat my mistake as a dog owner.

All About Trichomoniasis In Dogs

Trichomoniasis in canines is a protozoan infection that shows up as diarrhea, sometimes with blood. It is usually associated with an unsanitary kennel situation for puppy dogs.

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Prolonged exposure to a trichomoniasis infection makes for weak and debilitated puppies that have rough coats.

A veterinarian diagnoses Trichomoniasis by searching for protozoan cysts in a fresh stool sample. Flagyl (metronidazole) is the recommended treatment to cure and treat the problem.

The vet furthermore differentiates between Pentatrichomonas hominis, which is most frequently occurring from Tritrichomonas foetus through PCR, most commonly, or through a morphological comparisons. Pentatrichomonas hominis may or may not cause disease.

The parasite does take up residence within the descending colon and cecum. It divides through longitudinal binary fission within the cysts. The trophozoites form pseudocysts without a cyst- resistant stage outside the host.

Pseudocysts form when environmental conditions are unpleasant, such as too cold or hot though this may not be necessary at all.

The most common sign of trichomoniasis in dogs is chronic diarrhea that may last weeks, months or even years if left untreated. Diarrhea often times will contain blood or mucus. Large bowel inflammation and fecal incontinence may coincide with this as well.

What is unlikely to occur is urogenital tract infection, which is the one piece of good news in this infection scenario. Diarrhea may resolve on its own, but it is known and expected that it will recur months later. It may start in puppies at up to 24 months old. Though the average onset is at 9 months old.

Diarrhea does not appear to respond to dietary treatment either. The most likely manner that dogs actually contract this infection is through anal to mouth contact.

Treatment Methods
There is not an actual treatment that is approved though canine trichomoniasis seems to respond well to a course of Metronidazole of 30 to 50 mg/kg twice per day by mouth for anywhere from three to fourteen days.

This course of treatment appears to offer the best clearing of the infection when compared to other treatments.

The best method of treatment is prevention. Kennel attendants need to pay particular attention to the stool of canines in the kennel. Any one of them who appears to have a bad case of diarrhea with mucus and blood in the stool should be quarantined from the rest of the animal population until they are treated and the diarrhea is under control.

The basics are that clean kennels and clean animals prevent the development of a protozoan infection called Trichomoniasis in dogs in the first place. Second to that, quarantine dogs that are infected until treatment with metronidazle at a dosage of 30 to 50 mg/kg by mouth twice per day for three to fourteen days are completed.

At that point, the dog should be responding to treatment and diarrhea should clear up. Otherwise, without treatment, dogs will experience intermittent diarrhea for up to years of their lives. It is uncomfortable and unpleasant for the dog as well as the rest of their human family.

Understanding Metronidazole For Dogs

For many of us our dogs are not just the family pet, they are a member of the family. They are our best friends, companions, and jokesters of the house. We hate when they get sick and are not feeling good, I know it breaks my heart. There seems to be 20 different medications that can be used to treat just one ailment and as a pet owner, that can be very confusing.

One such medication that has had a rise in popularity is metronidazole.

In basic terms, metronidazole is a tablet antibiotic or antiprotozoal medication that is used to treat several conditions in dogs. It is primarily used in the treat of Giardia (a form of diarrhea), inflammatory bowel disease, and periodontal disease. It is important to know that this medication can only be prescribed by your veterinarian and is not available in your local retail shops.

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The Benefits Of Metronidazole

– Has the ability to treat a wide range of ailments for your dog.

– Treats periodontal disease

– Treats inflammatory bowel disease

– Remedies diarrheal disorders

– Treats infections caused by intestinal parasites (Giardia)

How Metronidazole Works

Metronidazole is an antibiotic that works best against bacteria that is unable to live without oxygen. It has the ability to penetrate bone and jaw making it the perfect tool against oral and dental infections. However, it is most effective as an anti-inflammatory agent and is typically recommended for the large intestines and anti-diarrhea.

Conditions To Understand

While metronidazole is one of the best anit-diarrhea medications on the market it does have the ability to cause diarrhea as well. If your dog has a new case of diarrhea it may mean that they have a new infection. In the case of recurring diarrhea it means the medication is not working as expected. In either case, it is best to make an appointment with your veterinarian as soon as possible. Metronidazole is a prescription based medication and should only be used after the recommendation of your vet. Improper use of the medication can cause serious illness for your dog.

Where To Purchase

There are many suppliers online that offer Metronidazole at an affordable rate with free shipping and fast delivery. However, there are some suppliers you will want to research before buying your pets medication. It is best to order only from reputable pet medication dealers online.

It is best to talk with your veterinarian about where to buy your first bottle. They should have a local supplier or may even have it at the office for you to purchase. They will be able to give you all the vital information on the dosage amounts and when to give to your dog. The cost of Metronidazole is going to vary depending on where you purchase it. You can expect an average cost of $1 per 500 mg tablet.

Whatever seems to be ailing your dog, just make sure to get them to the vet as soon as possible. Sometimes the smallest problems can become life-threatening in a very short time.

Article Courtesy of DogsByNina.com

The History Behind Hunting With Dogs

It has been said that even 20,000 years before now prehistoric man partnered up with canines for hunting. How this occurred exactly, is still unknown. However, what has been discovered is murals, cave paintings and various evidence found in archaeological pieces that suggest that the partnership started around the time when humans started to organize themselves.

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In earlier years hunter-gatherer groups made use of dogs for hunting small game and fowl. In these times it was believed that these dogs were types of domesticated wolves that were proficient in spotting and then flushing out the target. This often meant that animals were harassed and chased till they collapsed from exhaustion. It would be at this point that the humans would finish off the job using weapons such as arrows, stone knives and spears.

Egyptians used Molossian type dogs that were extremely large in order to hunt a diverse selection of animals that included large game. The Egyptians are believed to be one of the first groups of people that began breeding dogs specifically for hunting purposes. The sight-hounds and Mastiff dogs were refined and developed and have become extremely prolific today. Over expanses of desert, Egyptians valued there dogs highly for their refined skills in sourcing and sighting game.

Romans and Greeks who were known for having lots of time on their hands due to their specific lifestyles, devoted their attention and time to breeding certain types of dogs in order to hunt with them. The hunting style changed as the humans changed and soon they trained their dogs to hunt nuisance and sport animals. Some of these animals included large cats, lions, bears and wolves. In fact in these times hunting was described as a type of elitist function. This meant that in this society and many others hunting was purely reserved for aristocracy. Various nobles often requested when they were dying that a portrait of their favorite hunting hound should be engraved onto their tomb and sometimes even have the dog buried alongside them.

Hunting with dogs became a widespread phenomenon throughout the era of the middle-ages. This resulted in highly specialized dogs. Below are a few of these groups who have established extremely strong bloodlines.

•Sight Hounds

These dogs have excellent vision and are able to spot prey from a very far distance. They are also skilled in quickly closing in on their prey.

•Retrievers

This type of hunting dog was used for retrieving birds that have landed in bodies of water after they have been shot. These dogs have water-repellent coats and toes that are webbed for quick and powerful swimming.

•Pointers

The pointer breed was developed to function as their names imply, which means to first locate and then point out the prey. These dogs embody keen senses and are able to locate even the most disguised or secretive game.

•Scent Hounds

This specific breed was some of the hardiest dogs known and they still are in this day and age. These dogs specialized in tracking and locating prey and game using scent. They are very methodical and efficient in the way they track, and have been known to follow a specific scent for many days without resting.

Over and above the dogs mentioned previously, firearm usage that began to spread over the ages required that specific types of gun dogs were required for hunting purposes. In these times Feudal paupers had severe infestations of rodents, this is where terrier breeds gained popularity to eliminate and hunt this small prey. Certain breeds later became more compartmentalized, and this meant that there were specific types of hunting dogs for specific purposes. The animals that were hunted by a different breed to each animal included deer, rodents, foxes, hogs, squirrels, bears, wolves, fowl and many more. A lot of these breeds are still around today, however there are a lot more that became extinct.

Currently, hunting with dogs is still very similar to the forgotten years. The Labradors still wait very patiently until commanded in the duck blinds and the Jack Russell Terriers still ferret out groundhogs, badgers and rats. Beagles are still used to harass and track foxes to their deaths. The purpose of these types of hunting dogs has become so ingrained in specific breeds that it has now become a strong part of each dog’s nature.

In the examples used above this may explain why
Labradors just love to swim, why the Jack Russell’s are unable to resist digging holes. Beagles without any training will also run off frantically if they happen to spot another animal that they view as prey. These attributes have become so instinctual to these specific breeds.

Hunting dogs over the years have always served their human counterparts with loyalty. Today, people who still hunt should know that they able to take advantage of these specific breeds and their inbred nature to hunt.

Hunting with dogs nowadays has become a very controversial sport and as mentioned above specific breeds are utilized for specific hunting purposes. There are various traits in hunting dogs that can vary greatly. Some of these dogs will have highly developed scenting abilities and others will be known for their phenomenal stamina. Some of the more popular and famous breeds will include the following: Black and Tan Coohound, American Foxhound, Norwegian Elkhound and the Beagle. The well-known AKC Sporting Group is a large group that consists of specific hunting dogs designed for use with hunters that enjoy the thrill of hunting alongside a dog in watery or woody environments. Specific breeds that are associated with this group will include: German Shorthaired Pointer, English Cocker Spaniel, Golden Retriever and the American Water Spaniel.

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Each of these hunting dogs has their own specific natural behavior. Hunting alongside one of these dogs enables humans to hunt more efficiently. However, it is very important to select the right breed depending on the type of prey that will be hunted. Terriers were a breed originally developed for the purpose of killing vermin and hunting smaller game. Today terriers are excellent companions for hunting small game such as squirrels.

One of the disadvantages of hunting dogs will be specific training procedures which are generally complex. In addition, this training may not be present when hunting for the very first time with the dog. In regards to training, hunting dogs often have to participate in at least a year of rigid training. Often this will be the only chance to train the dog in the correct manner as certain mistakes can very often be irreversible. One of these irreversible mistakes included lack of socialization while the dog is still a puppy.
It is always advisable to research the type of dog required for specific hunting practices. The training should begin when the dog is only a few weeks old to ensure a higher success rate.

Hunting with dogs has a variety of benefits and disadvantages. One of the main benefits would be using dogs that received the right training when they were still young. This will definitely increase the hunter’s chances of catching the desired prey as the dog will be adding into the experience. One of the biggest disadvantages would have to be the length of a training course. In addition, every dog will have their own character regardless of their breed, which always means that certain dogs will be easier to train while others may be impossible to train. Unfortunately there is no “standard” type of training procedure that will apply to every breed.