Amebiasis In Dogs: Types, Signs, Causes And Cures

Amebiasis in dogs, also known as “canine amebiasis,” is an infection produced by a single-celled parasite called amoeba. The parasite is usually prevalent in tropical areas, as well as in developing countries where sewage management is inadequate. A dog can caught amebiasis by consuming contaminated food or water consisting cysts or trophozoites (small particles) of the amoeba. While amoeba can cause acute illnesses to other animals, some dogs are lucky enough not to show any symptoms even if they are actually infected by amebiasis.

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Types And Signs Of Amebiasis In Dogs

There are two main types of amebiasis in dogs: the acute amebiasis and the chronic amebiasis

Acute Amebiasis

It happens when the amoeba gets inside the mucosal lining of the intestine. This causes ulcerative hemorrhagic colitis to the infected dog. Usually, this type of amebiasis is an asymptomatic disease, meaning it may cause colitis in dogs and results in bloodstained diarrhea.

Signs: The signs of acute amebiasis in dogs may vary from a minor stomach pain to severe abdominal upset. A prevalent diarrhea can also be a sign. Acute cases of this disease may cause the dog to suffer from dysentery, which is possibly life-threatening. On the other hand, mild cases can be treated without medications. In addition, diarrhea in dogs caused by amebiasis may contain blood and mucus. Lastly, if the dog’s major organ systems have failed to function well, say for example the dog catch a high fever, then it is confirmed that he has an acute amebiasis.

Chronic Amebiasis

This is a long-lasting amoeba infection on dogs. It invades the intestines, tissues, liver, kidneys, and even the brain.

Signs: You can tell that a dog has this kind of amebiasis if he exhibits constant or irregular diarrhea, anorexia and weight loss. Another sign is the tenesmus, a painful situation in which the infected dog is having a hard time to defecate, resulting to very little, or no poop at all. Other signs of chronic amebiasis are fever, loss of appetite, breathing difficulty, fluid release from the nose and eyes, swelling of the brain, and other neurological signs such as seizures and incoordination.

Causes Of Amebiasis In Dogs

Here are things and ways that can cause amebiasis in dogs:

•Consumption of contaminated water or food.
•Inhaling soil or sewage odor.
•Acanthamoeba’s settlement on the dog’s skin.
•Acanthamoeba’s settlement on the cornea of the eyes.
•Blood infection, which spreads through the blood stream.
•Nose infection, which spreads into the brain.

Curing Amebiasis In Dogs

A veterinarian will diagnose the infection by examining a newly-passed sample of stool (also called poop). Most dog experts suggest that the best medication for curing amebiasis in dogs is the metronidazole or furazolidone, an anti-biotic therapy.

There is no better way to treat a dog’s amebiasis other than bringing him to a veterinary doctor. There are different non-pathogenic amoebae that can invade a dog’s intestines so an expert is needed to distinguish these parasites and recommend the proper treatment for your dog.